What is Depression

We all have moments where we feel that we're not in an emotionally good place. We can feel sad, lonely and down for many different reasons. When feeling down, people might believe that this is being depressed.  Though this isn't always the case and doesn't mean that you may have depression. Depression is a long lasting low mood disorder. It affects your ability to do daily tasks, it stops you taking pleasure or interest in the things you used to enjoy. Depression is: Depression is a mental illness that is recognised throughout the world. It can affect anyone at any age, with one in ten people currently suffering from depression right now. The main thing to remember that depression IS TREATABLE and you don't have to go through this alone.  Depression is not: Depression is not a sign of weakness and it's not something that someone can simply just snap out of. It is also something that not everyone will experience. For those who do experience depression, they won't always experience their depression at the same level. Depression can be described as 'mild' 'moderate' or 'sever' your Doctor may offer different treatments depending on what level of depression you're experiencing at that time.  What are the signs of depression?  The NHS recommends that to see your GP if you experience the symptoms of depression on a daily basis for a two week period. Your GP will look at the symptoms that are set out in the ICD-10 guidance. You do not have to have all of these to be diagnosed with depression. You might have just a few of them. The symptoms of depression are: low mood, feeling sad, irritable or angry, having less energy to do certain things, losing interest or enjoyment in activities you used to enjoy, loss of concentration, becoming tired more easily, disturbed sleep and losing your appetite, feeling less good about yourself (loss of self-confidence), feeling guilty or worthless. You may also find that with the low mood you: feel less pleasure from things, feel more agitated, find your thoughts and movements slow down, and have thoughts of self-harm or suicide. What are the different type of Depression? Clinical Depression.  We hear the term Clinical Depression though this is not a formal diagnosis of depression. It stems from 'clinical diagnosis' which refers to someone being diagnosed with depression from a a GP.

Depressive Episode You might hear the term 'depressive episode' which is the formal name that GPs will use when diagnosing a patient with depression. Usually followed by labelling the depression as 'mild' 'moderate' or 'server' 

Recurrent depressive disorder  If you have repeated episodes of depression, your GP might say that you have a recurrent depressive disorder. Usually followed by labelling the depression as 'mild' 'moderate' or 'server' 

Reactive Depression  During stressful or emotional periods where your depression could be linked to life-changing events like divorce, death or financial issues your doctor might label this as reactive depression. 

Server depression episode with psychotic symptoms In some cases where someone is going through a very server bout of depression, some people can also start to experience hallucinations and delusions. A hallucination is where you might see, hear, smell or taste things that are not real. The term delusion means that you believe things or situations that do not match reality. These symptoms are referred to as psychosis.   Dysthymia  If someone has been feeling low for several years but the symptoms are not server enough or the depressive episodes are not long enough a doctor or GP could diagnose the recurrent depressive disorder. 

Cyclothymia  If a patient is known to suffer continuously with unstable moods experience bouts of happiness and elation then dark and heavy bouts of depression. These periods of depression or elation are not ession or bipolarfers to episodes of depression after childbirth.  It is a common illness that 1-10 women will suffer from after childbirth.

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) This is a type of depression that usually affects someone at a certain point of the year, usually in the winter months. The symptoms of (SAD) are similar to depression with some people feeling the need to sleep more and crave more carbohydrate-rich food.  Manic depression Manic depression is the old name for bipolar disorder. It is a different illness to depression. People with this illness have highs (mania) and lows (depression). What causes depression.  We have no single answer to what causes someone to experience depression, it could be many different reasons which can include; genetic factors, stressful and emotional situations, changes to the hormones and chemicals in your body due to the menstrual cycle, b12 deficiency, drugs and alcohol, being overweight, or having low social interactions. 

The stigma surrounding mental health is changing. If you feel that you may be suffering from depression it is important that you talk to your lectures or parents. Do not be scared to seek help. Below are some helplines that you can use to talk to trained professionals to further help your understanding of depression and how to seek help.

Samaritans 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. You can call 116 123 (free from any phone) If you're under 25, you can call The Mix on 0808 808 4994 (Sunday-Friday 2pm–11pm), request support by email using this form on The Mix website or use their crisis text messenger service. f you're experiencing a mental health problem or supporting someone else, you can call SANEline on 0300 304 7000 (4.30pm–10.30pm every day). #mentalhealth #mentalhealthawareness #anxiety #depression #love #selfcare #selflove #health #mentalillness #recovery #mindfulness #motivation #wellness #ptsd #fitness #meditation #life #therapy #quotes #inspiration #healing #bpd #psychology #mentalhealthmatters #positivevibes #happiness #wellbeing #suicideprevention #positivity #bhfyp

Information sourced from www.rethink.org

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